Periodontal Infection Treatment and What Causes Gingivitis
The early stage of periodontal infection is known as gingivitis and is the most common form of gum disease dentists see today, and it is prevalent in patients of all ages. This disease causes irritation, swelling of the gums, and redness. More specifically, gum disease attacks the gums along the gum line that holds the teeth in place.
Despite its prevalence and relatively minor symptoms at the start, it is critical to take gingivitis seriously and treat it quickly. Gum disease can lead to a much more severe gum disease called periodontitis which can lead to tooth loss, bone deterioration, infection, and more.
Who is More Susceptible to Gingivitis?
Anyone can develop gingivitis at any age or stage of life, so you should always work closely with your dental team. However, you may be more susceptible to the disease if any of the following apply to you:
- You generally have inadequate oral care
- You use any tobacco products
- The older you get, the greater your risk
- Dry mouth caused by allergies, medications, etc.
- Hormonal changes, especially during pregnancy and menopause
- Genetics and inherited conditions
- Certain viral and fungal infections or illnesses
Damage the Disease Can Cause
Untreated gingivitis will quickly spread as the infection in the gums passes into the tooth roots and the jawbone. Chronic gum inflammation has also been linked to more serious health issues such as diabetes, respiratory disease, coronary artery disease, and stroke.
Blood supply is plentiful in the mouth, and bacterial infections in the gums can easily enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body.
Periodontal Infection and Early Signs of Gingivitis
Signs and symptoms of the early stages of gingivitis that you should always take note of include:
- Swollen or puffy gums
- Dark red or discolored gums
- Gums bleeding while brushing or flossing
- Pain in the teeth and gums
- Bad breath that lingers
- Receding gums and gaps around teeth
- Tender gums and sensitive teeth
Periodontal Infection Treatment in Crofton, Maryland
Time is of the essence if you notice any signs and symptoms of gingivitis. Contact Dr. Vickii R. Bingham-Lester of Bingham-Lester Dentistry and schedule your consultation appointment today. New patients can call 410-885-6522 or visit in person at 1119 MD Route 3 North, Suite 216, Gambrills, MD. You don’t want to risk your health, so take action today to treat and prevent gingivitis!